A Nigerian Hydrogen for Eradicating Energy Poverty.

The adoption of hydrogen production from renewable sources in Sub-Saharan Africa has the potential to combat energy poverty and promote sustainable decarbonization. This innovative approach could revolutionize the region’s energy landscape, reducing poverty and fostering economic growth.

Green hydrogen, generated from renewable sources like solar, geothermal, biomass, and wind, has the capacity to transform the energy sector. The produced hydrogen is converted into energy to supply the national grid, while oxygen is released into the atmosphere.

Countries in Southern Africa, including Malawi, South Africa, Zambia, Tanzania, Mauritius, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique, are making strides towards a sustainable green economy with substantial emission reductions. They aim to collaborate with other African nations to share expertise in hydrogen energy technology, offering a significant solution to decarbonization in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Nigeria, as the largest oil and gas producer in Africa, has been plagued by oil theft and pipeline vandalism, exacerbating energy poverty. Over 92 million Nigerians lack access to affordable electricity, resulting in an annual economic loss of $26.2 billion.

To address this issue, Nigeria can invest in renewable energy, particularly hydrogen production using solid waste from homes and industries. With a population of over 200 million and an annual waste generation of 32 million tonnes, Nigeria can produce substantial hydrogen, fostering economic development, reducing emissions, and enhancing energy accessibility.

Effective green hydrogen production in Nigeria can enhance its economic competitiveness and bolster electricity exports to neighboring nations, such as Ghana, Togo, Niger, and Cotonou. This approach can increase household energy supply and support industrialization, provided the government establishes the necessary policy infrastructure.

It is important to note that the transition to hydrogen does not require shutting down fossil fuel energy production but rather recognizing hydrogen as a primary energy source. Green hydrogen can coexist with fossil fuels and help meet energy demands while adding value to the economy.

The adoption of hydrogen as a solution to energy poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Nigeria, can have a ripple effect on addressing other challenges facing the continent. Dr. Aluko emphasizes the potential of hydrogen to alleviate poverty, enhance economic development, and ensure environmentally friendly energy access across the region.


  • Samson Adeyemo

    An experienced broadcast and print media journalist with nose for news and proven track records of success without compromising objectivity.

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